What Is IPDA In Forex

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By Genesis Apeh

The foreign exchange market, often known as the forex market operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, and involves the trading of currencies from various countries. In forex trading, various strategies and approaches are employed by traders to cope with dynamic and ever-changing market conditions. One of these approaches is IPDA, which stands for “Initial Price Differential Amount.”


IPDA is the difference between the buy and sell price of a currency pair. It is the sum that a trader must pay to open a position and the sum that they will get upon closing the position. It is an essential concept that traders have to understand before they begin trading because it has a significant on their profits and losses.

 IPDA is expressed in pips, which is the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading.

Consider the currency pair EUR/USD, where the buy price is currently 1.2000 and the sell price is 1.1990. For this transaction, the IPDA would be 10 pip (1.2000-1.1990).

When a trade is open, the Initial Price Differential Amount (IPDA), is required to be paid by the trader. The broker holds onto this amount until the trade is completed after deducting it from the trader’s account balance. When the trader closes the trade, the broker will refund the IPDA alongside any realized profits or losses to the trader’s account.

When analyzing the prospective profits and losses of a particular trade, the IPDA is an important factor to take into consideration. For instance, a trader will earn up to 10 pips if they take a position with a 10 pip IPDA and the price moves 20 pips in their favor. However, they will hit a loss of 30 pip (10 pip IPDA + 20 pip loss) if the price moves 20 pip in their favor.

Traders have to keep in mind that the IPDA can change based on the broker and the trading currency pair. For typical currency pairs, certain brokers may offer a cheaper IPDA, while others may charge a higher IPDA for exotic currency pairs.

Additionally, traders need to be mindful of how the IPDA may affect their trading approach. For instance, a high IPDA may eat into a trader’s gains and reduce the effectiveness of a scalping strategy, which tries to make small profits from quick trades.


Every trader should be familiar with the concept of IPDA to successfully trade in the forex market. It is measured in pip differences between the buy and sell prices of a currency pair. The IPDA should be considered when calculating expected profits and losses, and traders should be aware of how it may affect their trading methodology.